Pregnancy is a state in which a woman carries a fertilized egg inside her body, which usually last 40 weeks begins from the first day.
Pregnancy is measured in trimester from the first day of your last menstrual period, a full-term pregnancy can deliver between 37 weeks and 42 weeks.
It is important to have regular check-up of pregnant lady in terms of pre-pregnancy and with pregnancy monitoring.
Pregnancy planning has some of the important steps which helps couple to go smooth with the face and helps to deliver a healthy baby.Preconception care can increase your chances of becoming pregnant and reduce the risks of miscarriage or birth defects. Couple should do following things if they are planning to have a baby
Couple may also have to run a number of tests -- such as blood tests and a Pap smear -- to make sure that neither of one have any medical conditions that could affect pregnancy or chances of conceiving. Doctor also helps couple if they have any diseases like diabetes, thyroid, High Blood Pressure. Doctor might suggest following tests:
Pregnancy monitoring includes various diagnostic test which monitor fetal health
From mild to severe, following conditions are common during pregnancy
One should opt home pregnancy test after 8 to 10 days of missed periods. Home pregnancy test is very sensitive test which detects the presence of hCG (human chorionic gonadotropin), a pregnancy hormone. The development of this hormone may vary in each pregnancy. Hence, it is advisable to perform home pregnancy test after 8 to 10 days of missed period.
There are two common test which doctors recommend, Urine tests and Blood tests. Urine test is performed with use of home pregnancy kit at home or at doctor’s clinic. If it gives positive result, doctor recommend blood test and sonograms. Blood tests are to confirm pregnancy as early as 10 days after a missed period. Blood test will also have beta hCG which measures exact amount of pregnancy hormone (hCG) in your blood.
Pregnancy symptom start appearing early from 5th week to latest by 8th week of conception. The first sign of pregnancy is usually a missed period. The most common symptoms to follow are nausea, vomiting, fatigue, frequent urination, and breast tenderness and swelling. Symptoms like morning sickness, feeling exhausted, and mood swings are also there. It varies with each pregnancy.
Some of the mandatory diagnostic test during pregnancy are ultrasound test and blood tests. Blood sugar test must be performed during the pregnancy for screening of assesses your risk for gestational diabetes. CBC and thyroid test are suggested based on requirement. Urine test is recommended in each trimester to check the bacteria, kidney function, level of protein and glucose level.