Polycystic Ovarian Disease (PCOD) also known as Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal disorder among women in which ovaries develop multiple small collections of fluid (follicles) and fail to regularly release eggs
Ovary(ies) get enlarged and produce excessive amounts of androgenic and estrogenic hormones which leads to infrequent or prolonged menstrual periods
Around 20% of females in India suffer from PCOD and the number rises to 25% amongst the East Indian women
PCOD is one of the most common and underdiagnosed causes or irregular menstruation and infertility amongst younger women in India
While most of the cases of PCOD are due to hereditary or genetic factors which are difficulty to describe, it can be due to one or more of the following factors:
Signs and symptoms are very mild initially and a female might experience only 2 or 3 symptoms, from the following list:
Besides fertility problems, complications include risk of developing:
Apart from medical management, lifestyle modification has a significant role to play in management of PCOD:
Presently, the exact cause of Polycystic Ovarian Disease (PCOD) is unknown. But as per researchers and health care providers, genetic and environmental factors together with obesity, hormonal issues, and ovarian and hormonal dysfunctions contribute to the development of PCOD.
To diagnose PCOD, doctor usually will have to go through the patient's medical history, symptoms and the menstrual cycle pattern. In addition, doctor needs to perform physical exams to check excess body hair and high blood pressure. Doctor will usually also suggest further tests that include blood tests, insulin and hormonal tests, pelvic ultrasound to confirm (PCOD)
There is no cure yet, but there are many options available to reduce or eliminate the symptoms associated with polycystic ovarian disease (PCOD). Different medicines are available that can treat symptoms such as irregular periods, acne, excessive hair and elevated blood sugar.
Fertility treatments are also available to help women with polycystic ovarian disease in conceiving a child. Losing atleast 5% excess weight, can help women ovulate more regularly and reduce other PCOD symptoms.
It is possible to conceive naturally with PCOD, on instances by only following proper diet and lifestyle. There are few natural ways to conceive with PCOD which includes weight loss, proper diet (consume good fats like coconut oil, use olive oil), use herbs and natural supplements to regulate ovulation and menstruation, practice lunaception and exercise. These therapies can be useful for treating PCOD-related fertility.