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Stroke Risk Assessment Test


Overview

Stroke Risk Assessment is life threatening attack where brain tissue loses oxygen or blockage in the blood supply to the brain. Brain cells and tissue begin to die within minutes, which causes a stroke.

When brain cells die during a stroke, abilities controlled by that area of the brain such as memory and muscle control are lost.

The incidence of paralysis and stroke in India is increasing significantly by almost 50%.

Stroke is can be classified in to three categories, depending on cause of stroke

  • Hemorrhagic stroke: A hemorrhagic stroke happens when an artery in the brain suddenly breaks open or leaks blood
  • Thrombotic (Ischemic) stroke:A blood clot (thrombus) forms inside one of the brain's arteries. It blocks blood flow. This usually happens inside an artery that has been narrowed by atherosclerosis. Thrombotic stroke is the most common type of stroke
  • Embolic strokes:In an embolic stroke, a blood clot or other solid mass of debris (clump of bacteria and inflammatory cells) travels to the brain, where it blocks a brain artery

Symptoms of stroke vary depends on which area of brain is damaged, and such symptoms are the warning signs which requires immediate treatment:

  • Headache, with or without vomiting
  • Dizziness or confusion
  • Weakness or paralysis on one side of the body
  • Sudden, severe numbness in any part of the body
  • Visual disturbance, including sudden loss of vision
  • Difficulty walking, including staggering or veering
  • Coordination problems in the arms and hands
  • Slurred speech or inability to speak
  • Sudden deviation of the eyes toward one direction
  • Seizures
  • Irregular breathing
  • Coma

Following risk factors make anyone susceptible to stroke:

  • Unhealthy diet which has high salt, saturated fat, trans fats, cholesterol
  • Physical inactivity
  • High Alcohol Consumption
  • Family History of stroke

Certain medical condition are linked to stroke:

  • Previous stroke
  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol
  • Heart disorders, such as coronary artery disease
  • Heart valve defects
  • Enlarged heart chambers and irregular heartbeats
  • ickle cell disease
  • Diabetes

Preventive Measures

    • Quit Smoking & alcohol or consume alcohol in moderate amount
    • Keep your weight at a healthy level
    • Eat a diet that’s healthy and full of fruits and vegetables.
    • Eat foods low in cholesterol, trans fats, and saturated fats
    • Stay physically active
    • Get regular check ups

Diagnosis

  • Stroke can be diagnosed by your medical history and risk factors. A neurological examination is required to check the changes in brain
  • To diagnose and classify your stroke, doctor will need an imaging test of the brain. Tests can include Computed Tomography (CT) scan and Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan
  • Depending on the type of stroke suspected, doctor may do a lumbar puncture to test the cerebrospinal fluid
  • Other imaging tests, such as Doppler ultrasonography or MRI angiography, may be used to evaluate blood flow to your brain.

Stroke Risk Assesment

i. Can mini-stroke be diagnosed? Does it shows up on MRI?+
ii. What all diagnostic tests are there to determine the effects of stroke?+
iii. Is it possible to detect if a person has had stroke?+
iv. Can stroke occur in young age also?+

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