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Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) Test


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Overview

Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) are infection transmitted through sexual contact, caused by bacteria, viruses or parasites. There are more than 20 types of STDs, however, some of the common STDs are as follows:.

  • Chlamydia
  • Herpes
  • Gonorrhea
  • HIV
  • Syphilis

Most STDs affect both men and women, but in many cases the health problems they cause can be more severe for women. If a pregnant woman has an STD it can cause serious health problems for the baby.

  • Bacteria (gonorrhea, syphilis, chlamydia)
  • Parasites (trichomoniasis)
  • Viruses (human papillomavirus, genital herpes, HIV)

STDs can have range of signs and symptoms like:

  • Sores or bumps on the genitals or in the oral or rectal area
  • Painful or burning urination
  • Discharge from penis
  • Unusual or odd-smelling vaginal discharge
  • Unusual vaginal bleeding
  • Sore, swollen lymph nodes, particularly in the groin but sometimes more widespread
  • Lower abdominal pain
  • Discharge from penis
  • Unusual or odd-smelling vaginal discharge
  • Unusual vaginal bleeding
  • Sore, swollen lymph nodes, particularly in the groin but sometimes more widespread
  • Lower abdominal pain
  • Having unprotected sex
  • Having sexual contact with multiple partners
  • Having a history of STDs. Having one STD makes it much easier for another STD to take hold
  • Mother to infant transmission of diseases
  • Get vaccinated (HPV)
  • Use protective measures during sexual intercourse
  • Male circumcision decreases the risk for contacting STDs
  • Education regarding high risk behaviors
  • Limit number of sexual partners
  • Avoid use of alcohol or injectable drugs as they lead to high risk behaviors
  • Blood tests - can confirm the diagnosis of HIV or later stages of syphilis
  • Urine samples - some sexually transmitted infections can be confirmed with a urine sample
  • Fluid sample – during active genital sores, testing fluid and samples from the sores may be done to diagnose the type of infection

Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)

1. How do I know if I have an STD??+
ii.I have never had sex, can I have an STD?+
iii.Is there a cure for STDs?+
iv.If I had unprotected sex, when can I get STD tested?+
v.Will an STD affect a women’s pregnancy/baby? +
 
 
 
 

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