Pregnancy: Pre-pregnancy and Pregnancy monitoring

  • Filter by :


Arthritis is inflammation of joints which causes pain and stiffness. There are more than 100 different types of arthritis, with different causes and treatment methods. Two of the most common types are osteoarthritis (OA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

Arthritis is most commonly found in adults over the age of 60, but it can also develop in children, teenagers, and younger adults. It is mostly found in women than men, and in people who are obese.

Arthritis affects 15% people i.e. over 180 million people in India

Pregnancy planning has some of the important steps which helps couple to go smooth with the face and helps to deliver a healthy baby.Preconception care can increase your chances of becoming pregnant and reduce the risks of miscarriage or birth defects. Couple should do following things if they are planning to have a baby

  • Make an appointment with doctor for preconception visit
  • Consider genetic carrier screening
  • Start healthy diet
  • Give up binge drinking, smoking, and drugs
  • Check your caffeine intake
  • Aim for a healthy weight
  • Start exercising
  • Check the medicines before you take


Couple may also have to run a number of tests -- such as blood tests and a Pap smear -- to make sure that neither of one have any medical conditions that could affect pregnancy or chances of conceiving. Doctor also helps couple if they have any diseases like diabetes, thyroid, High Blood Pressure. Doctor might suggest following tests:

  • Rubella, or German measles immunity
  • Chickenpox immunity
  • HIV
  • Hepatitis B immunity
  • Other STDs (such as chlamydia, syphilis, and gonorrhea)
  • Thyroid problems (with a TSH test)
  • Other conditions, such as toxoplasmosis and parvovirus B19 (also called fifth disease)
  • Sickle cell anemia
  • Herpes
  • Thalassemia (an inherited form of anemia)
  • Genetic diseases

Pregnancy monitoring includes various diagnostic test which monitor fetal health

  • First prenatal visit includes a health history, physical exam, and Blood and Urine tests
  • First Trimester examination will include fetal ultrasound, which uses reflected sound waves to provide an image of your fetus and placenta<
  • Second-trimester exams and tests may include fetal ultrasound and electronic fetal heart monitoring, also oral glucose screening of lady for possible gestational diabetes
  • If mother have Rh-negative blood, you may have an antibody screening test and will receive an injection of Rh immunoglobulin
  • Third-trimester exams and tests may include fetal ultrasound, hepatitis B screening, and group B strep screening

From mild to severe, following conditions are common during pregnancy

  • Fatigue
  • Morning sickness
  • Sleep problems
  • Breast changes
  • Heartburn
  • Back pain and sciatica
  • Pelvic ache and hip pain
  • Leg cramp
No test found