The term “Heart Disease” can be used to describe any disorder of the cardiovascular system (i.e., the heart and blood vessels) that affects the heart's ability to function normally.
Dialysis iMost of the cardiac disorders are related to Atherosclerosis process. Atherosclerosis is the common cause of most of the heart disorders
Atherosclerosis is a condition that develops when a substance called as plaque builds up in the walls of the arteries. This buildup narrows the arteries, and makes the blood flow difficult. And, if a blood clot is formed, it can stop the blood flow which can cause a heart attack or stroke
Risk factors for developing heart diseases include:
Diagnosis of acute condition will include the following:
If you have a family history of heart disease or other cardiovascular risk factors such as high cholesterol, diabetes, obesity or smoking, these factors can increase risk for heart disease. These cardiovascular factors may be different for men and women. For instance, men are more likely to have chest pain, while women are more likely to have other symptoms along with chest discomfort, such as short breath, nausea.
Many of the times, people may not face any cardiac related symptoms until it is advanced. But if a person have pain or pressure in the center of chest that spreads upto throat or jaw, it could be sign of cardiac related problems. Irregular heartbeat is also a major sign of having cardiac problem.
There are many risk factors that contribute to having a heart attack, including high cholesterol, obesity, excessive alcohol consumption, high blood pressure, stress.
There are many ways to prevent cardiac disease by adopting a healthy lifestyle this include manage stress, regular exercise, stay at a healthy weight, eat a healthy diet, get regular health screening for blood pressure, cholesterol levels, diabetes. If any of these issues are identified early and proper treatment is initiated, it can help prevent cardiac disease in the longer run.
Key screening tests for monitoring cardiovascular health include blood pressure, fasting lipoprotein profile (cholesterol, LDL, VDL, HDL, triglyceride), body weight and blood glucose.
After completing physical examination and blood tests, doctor may suggest additional noninvasive test for heart disease that include