Gastric disorders (Stomach Disorders) are also known as stomach disorders
Stomach is an organ located between esophagus and small intestine
Stomach stores swallowed food, mixes food with stomach acids and then sends the mixture on to the small intestine
Most common problems includes indigestion, constipation, heartburn, Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), peptic ulcer and GERD (Gastroesophageal reflux disease)
Constipation means it is hard to have a bowel movement (or pass stools), they are infrequent (less than three times a week), or incomplete
Constipation is usually caused by inadequate "roughage" or fiber in the diet, or a disruption of the regular routine or diet
Constipation causes a person to strain during a bowel movement which may cause small, hard stools and sometimes anal problems such as fissures and hemorrhoids
Irritable bowel syndrome (also called spastic colon, irritable colon, or nervous stomach) is a condition in which the colon muscle contracts more often than in people without IBS
Certain foods, medicines, and emotional stress are some factors that can trigger IBS
Symptoms of IBS include:
Peptic ulcer is a sore in the lining of stomach or duodenum, the first part of small intestine
Peptic ulcers happen when the acids that helps in digestion of food damages the walls of the stomach or duodenum
GERD happens when a muscle at the end of esophagus does not close properly, which cause stomach contents to leak back, or reflux, into the esophagus and irritate it
People can improve their symptoms by
Common gastrointestinal / digestive problems includes heartburn, diarrhea, peptic ulcer disease, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), etc.
Common signs and symptoms of digestive problems are indigestion, constipation, bloating, gas, bleeding, nausea and vomiting, swallowing problems, pain in the belly, stomach pain, stomach cramps and weight gain or loss
Stomach can be upset due to food poisoning, overeating, overdrinking, eating greasy spicy or fatty foods, and eating too fast or eating on the run.
Lifestyle factors like high emotional stress, smoking, motion sickness while travelling, too much alcohol or caffeine can also cause upset stomach.
Blood tests like CBC, liver function test, Helicobacter pyroli and pancreatic enzyme test to diagnose bacterial or parasitic infection, celiac disease and exact cause of diarrhoea.
Stool analysis to assess the overall health of gastrointestinal tract and is recommended in case of indigestion, constipation, diarrhea, malabsorption, IBS and IBD.
Endoscopy, abdominal ultrasound, CT scan and MRI to examine the internal digestive organs.