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Gastric Disorders (Stomach Disorders) Test


Overview

Gastric disorders (Stomach Disorders) are also known as stomach disorders

Stomach is an organ located between esophagus and small intestine

Stomach stores swallowed food, mixes food with stomach acids and then sends the mixture on to the small intestine

Most common problems includes indigestion, constipation, heartburn, Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), peptic ulcer and GERD (Gastroesophageal reflux disease)

Constipation means it is hard to have a bowel movement (or pass stools), they are infrequent (less than three times a week), or incomplete

Constipation is usually caused by inadequate "roughage" or fiber in the diet, or a disruption of the regular routine or diet

Constipation causes a person to strain during a bowel movement which may cause small, hard stools and sometimes anal problems such as fissures and hemorrhoids

Treatment

  • Laxatives
  • Increasing the amount of fiber in diet
  • Exercising regularly
  • Moving your bowels when you have the urge (resisting the urge causes constipation)

Irritable bowel syndrome (also called spastic colon, irritable colon, or nervous stomach) is a condition in which the colon muscle contracts more often than in people without IBS

Certain foods, medicines, and emotional stress are some factors that can trigger IBS

Symptoms of IBS include:

    • Abdominal pain and cramps
    • Excess gas
    • Bloating
    • Change in bowel habits such as harder, looser, or more urgent stools than normal
    • Alternating constipation and diarrhea

Treatment includes:

  • Avoiding caffeine
  • Increasing fiber in diet
  • Monitoring which foods trigger IBS (and avoiding these foods)
  • Minimizing stress or learning different ways to cope with stress
  • Sometimes taking medicines as prescribed by your healthcare provider

Peptic ulcer is a sore in the lining of stomach or duodenum, the first part of small intestine

Peptic ulcers happen when the acids that helps in digestion of food damages the walls of the stomach or duodenum

Causes

    • Most common cause is infection caused due to bacterium Helicobacter pylori
    • Another cause is the long-term use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicines (NSAIDs) such as aspirin and ibuprofen
    • Stress and spicy foods do not cause ulcers, but can make them worse
    • A burning stomach pain is the most common symptom

Diagnosis

    • Blood test
    • Urea breath test
    • Stool test
    • Endoscopy
    • X ray

Treatment

  • Proton Pump inhibitors (PPIs) such as omeprazole, pantoprazole, rabeprazole
  • Histamine receptor blockers like famotidine, ranitidine
  • Protectants like sucralfate
  • Bismuth subsalicylates
  • Antibiotics like metronidazole, tetracycline, amoxicillin

GERD happens when a muscle at the end of esophagus does not close properly, which cause stomach contents to leak back, or reflux, into the esophagus and irritate it

Symptoms include:

    • Heartburn (burning in chest or throat)
    • Sometimes you can taste stomach fluid in the back of the mouth

People can improve their symptoms by

    • Avoiding alcohol and spicy, fatty or acidic foods that trigger heartburn
    • Eating smaller meals
    • Not eating close to bedtime
    • Losing weight if needed
    • Wearing loose-fitting clothes Disability
    • Diagnosis
    • Upper endoscopy
    • Ambulatory acid (pH) probes test
    • Esophageal manometry
    • X-ray of upper digestive system

Treatment

  • Antacids like famotidine, ranitidine
  • Proton pump inhibitors like omeprazole, lansoprazole
  • Medication to strengthen the lower esophageal sphincter like Baclofen
  • Diagnostic screening can help with early identification of gastric disorders and seeking of appropriate medical consultation. When faced with any symptoms which relate to gastric disorders, one can consider going for the following tests given above

Gastric disorders(Stomach Disorders)

i.What are the common gastrointestinal disorders?+
ii.What are the common signs of digestive problems?+
iii.What are the causes of upset stomach?+
iv.Which diagnostic tests are available for gastric problems?+