Anemia is a condition in which the oxygen carrying capacity of the blood is reduced. It may occur if there are too few red blood cells or abnormal red blood cells or if the hemoglobin is low or abnormal. It is characterized by pallor and fatigue.
Many medical conditions cause anemia. Common causes of anemia are:
Symptoms of anemia may include the following:
Some types of anemia can be managed with a healthy, balanced diet rich in iron, vitamin B12, folate, and vitamin C, which helps the body to absorb iron
This varies with gender and age.
Some types of anemia are due to inherited or genetic defects like:
Iron deficiency anemia develops after the body has a low level of iron for a long time. Foods from animal origin such as beef, chicken, and pork, are good sources of iron. Foods rich in Vitamin C include citrus, bell pepper, strawberries, spinach and cantaloupe. In some cases, iron supplements may be needed in order to correct the iron deficiency. In the case of poor absorption, extra iron may have to be given directly into the vein through a needle.
During adolescence, there is rapid increase in height and weight and sexual maturation. Also for adolescent girls, menstruation begins - leading to blood loss each month. To cope with these additional demands, there is an increased requirement of iron.